Hapkido

At the end of World War II, Choi returned to Korea, with Takeda’s blessings, to spread his discipline.  Choi combined the art of Aikijutsu, which he studied in Japan, with the Korean art of Tae Kyon to develop the art which we know today as Hapkido.

Demostration 5

Yong Sul Choi passed away in 1987 leaving his art for the world to carry on.  Though Hapkido has no formal “kata” and no form of competition, many persons still enjoy practicing the art not only for self defense and exercise, but to develop their inner strength and learn to live in harmony with themselves and one another. 

The dynamic turning, sweeping and spinning kicks for which Hapkido has gained fame were developed along with other Korean fighting arts.  In-depth research of the history of these techniques leads you into the ancient history of the art of Taekwondo.  When the art was known by other names, e.g. Tae Kyon, Tae Soo, Tang Soo, Soo Bak, and Kwon Bup, neither Hapkido nor Taekwondo existed.  The arts of Hapkido and Taekwondo share histories until the 20th centruy.   

It was in northern Choong Chung province in Korea on July 20th, 1904 that Yong Sul Choi was born.  Mr. Choi is the man credited with developing the art of Hapkido as we know it today.

Demostration 3

In 1912, Choi moved to Japan and was adopted by Sokaku Takeda and trained under him in the martial arts.  Choi lived with Takeda for 30 years and became his top student and a teaching assistant.  The art which he was studying was Daito-ryu aikijutsu of which Takeda was the head and from which Japanese Aikido was derived.

Hapkido 8th gup Yellow

8TH GUP REQUIREMENTS for YELLOW BELT 

The following requirements are intended to provide a standard pattern for instructors to prepare a student for a Hapkido rank examination.

Know the brief history of Hapkido (see hand-outs)

Know the ranking system of Hapkido.

Display a basic understanding of Hapkido values and etiquette (see hand-outs).

Know 5 vital areas of the body.

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING STANCES

  Attention stance Parallel stance

  Closed stance Ready stance

  Open stance Fighting stance

  Open toe stance  

   

POSTURES

  Front facing Half-front facing

  Side facing  

   

TURNING

  Pivot turn 90-degree turn

  Step back turn  

   

BLOCKS

  Low block Rising block

  Side block  

   

THRUSTS AND STRIKES

  Fore fist chin Fore fist punch (high, middle, low)

  Upset punch Rising punch

  Vertical fist punch Roundhouse punch

   

KICKING TECHNIQUES

  Front knee kick Front snap kick

  Upset punch Crescent kick

  Vertical fist punch Reverse crescent

  Fore fist punch (high, middle, low)  

   

BASIC FALLING AND MOVEMENT TECHNIQUES

  Back fall 1-step semi-free sparring with partner

  Side fall 3-step sparring 1-5 without partner

   

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING ESCAPES

  5 from single-hand grab  

   

KATA

  Chon-Ji  

   

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING THROW AGAINST:

  (single-hand grab, cross-hand grab, two hands on two grab, knife hand strike,

  lunge punch, and two hand from behind)

  Shiho Nage (four-corner throw) omote

7TH GUP ORANGE BELT

7TH GUP REQUIREMENTS for ORANGE BELT 

The following requirements are intended to provide a standard pattern for instructors to prepare a student for a Hapkido rank examination.

Previous requirements

Know 5 additional vital areas of the body

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING STANCES

   Walking stance

   L-stance

   T-stance

TURNING

   Pivot step back turn

BLOCKS

   Front block

   Outer forearm side block

THRUSTS AND STRIKES

   Knife hand strike to the temple

   Knife hand strike to the neck

   Knife hand strike vertical

   Knife hand side strike

   Knife hand downward strike

   Knife hand strike to the ribs

   Knife hand from left to right

   Knife hand strike to the rear

   Hammer fist strike from left to right

   Hammer fist strike to the rear

   Hammer fist strike to the front

   Hammer fist strike downward

   Hammer fist side strike

   Reverse punch

KICKING TECHNIQUES

   Roundhouse knee kick

   Roundhouse kick

Green Belt Requirements

6TH GUP REQUIREMENTS for ORANGE BELT 

The following requirements are intended to provide a standard pattern for instructors to prepare a student for a Hapkido rank examination.

Previous requirements

Know brief history of Hapkido and other martial arts

Know 3 additional vital areas of the body

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING STANCES

   Forward stance

   Back stance

    Riding stance

   Wide open toe stance

BLOCKS

    X-hand block

   Single knife hand block

   Knife hand guarding block

THRUSTS AND STRIKES

   Back-fist strike to face

   Back-fist strike left to right

   Back-fist strike to the rear

   Back-fist strike to the front

   Back-fist strike downward

   Back-fist side strike

 

KICKING TECHNIQUES

   Side thrust kick

   Back thrust kick

    Ax kick

BASIC FALLING AND MOVEMENT TECHNIQUES

    Stepping in L-stance

   Ayumi ashi

    Jumping forward roll

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING ESCAPES/TECHNIQUES

    5 from double wrist grab

   Jo Tori #1 through 3

    KATA

    To San

   Ki Hon Bo

 

 DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING THROW AGAINST:

    (single-hand grab, cross-hand grab, two hands on two grab, knife hand strike,

    lunge punch, and two hand from behind)

    Irimi nage (Entering throw) Omote

Blue Belt Requirements

The Following Requirements are intended to provide a standard pattern for instructors to prepare a student for a Hapkido rank examination.

   1. Previous requirements

   2. Know breif history of Hapkido and other martial arts.

   3. Know 3 additional vital areas of the body

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING STANCES

   Pigeon toe

   Hour glass

   Wide hour glass

   Diagonal stance

BASIC MOVEMENT/FALLING TECHNIQUES

   Okuri ashi

   Tsugi ashi 

   Diving roll-out over an object

TURNING

   Double-step turn

   Front leg turn

   Back leg turn

   Step-over turn

BLOCKS

   Double forearm block

   Twin forearm block

   Gaurding block

THRUSTS AND STRIKES

   Spear Hand thrust:four finger,two finger,one finger,and thumb. These are done at high, middle,and low levels.

KICKING TECHNIQUES

   Turning back kick 

   Turning side kick

   Turning reverse crescent

   Turning wheel

   Jump roundhouse

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING ESCAPES/TECHNIQUES

   5 from two hands grabbing one wrist 

   Uchi komi #1-3

   Tree step sparring #1-9 with partner

   One step sparring #1-8

   Jo tori #4-5

   KATA

   Wan Hyo

   Jo Kata # 1

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING THROW

AGAINST:

(single hand grab, two hands on two grab, knife hand strike, lunge ounch, and two hand from behind) Irimi Nage (entering throw)Ura

Purple Belt Requirements

The following requirements are intended to provide a standard pattern for instructors to prepare a student for a Hapkido rank examination.

   1. Previous Requirements

   2. Know an in-depth history of Hapkido

   3. Demonstrate and understand the Hapkido etiquettte and philosophy

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING STANCES

   Cat stance 

   Crane stance

   Hook stance

BASIC MOVEMENT/ADVANCED FALLING TECHNIQUES

   Demonstrate basic stepping series of five movements

   Jumping front break fall 

   Jumping back break-fall

BLOCKS

   Seperating block

   Scissors block

   Palm pressing block

   Palm pressing block

   Palm heel block

   Upper arm block

THRUSTS AND STRIKES

   Double fist strike

   Twin upset punch

   Twin vertical fist punch

   Together punch

   Hook punch

KICKING TECHNIQUES

   Flying front kick

   Flying side kick

   Jump side kick

   Double jump front kick

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING ESCAPES/TECHNIQUES

    5 escapes from frontal choke 

    Kumi jo #1-3 “A”

   Three step sparring #10-14

   One steps #1-10 both left and right sides

   Uchi komi #4-5

   KATA

   Yul Kok

  Jo kata #2

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING THROW 

   AGAINST:

   (single-hand grab, cross-hand grab, two hands on two grab, knife hand strike, lunge punch, and two hand from behind)

   Katame waza (hold-down technique) Omote and Ura

Brown Belt Requirements 3rd GUP

the following requirements are intended to provide a standard pattern for instructors to prepare a student for a Hapkido rank examination.

   1. Previous requirements

   2. Know an in-depth  history of Hapkido and other martial arts.

   3. Demonstrate and understand Hapkido etiquette and philosophy.

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING STANCES

   X-stance

   Crane stance

   Fixed stance

BASIC MOVEMENT TECHNIQUES

   Demonstrate basic movements of knee walking

   TURNING

   Jump turning (180 degree)

BLOCKS

   Back hand block

   Dropping block

   Mountain block

THRUSTS AND STRIKES

    Elbow strike: Rising, roundhouse, front, side, downward, and rear

KICKING TECHNIQUES

   Hop kicks (front, crescent, reverse crescent, roundhouse, side, back)

   Jump turning reverse crescent kick

   Rising heel kick

   Checking kick 

   Pressing kick

   Turning sweeping kick

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING ESCAPES/TECHNIQUES

   5 escapes from rear choke

   Kumi jo #4-5 

   Keibo #1-3

   Tachi dori #1-3

  Kumi tachi #2

Demonstrate basic strikes of the sward(tachi)

   KATA

   Chun Gun

   Jo kata #3

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING THROW

AGAINST:

   (single-hand grab, cross-hand grab, two hands on two grab, knife hand strike, lunge punch, and two hand from behind)

   Kote mawashi (wrist turn) 

Brown Belt Requirements 2nd GUP

The following requirements are intended to provide a standard pattern for instructors to prepare a student for a Hapkido rank examination.

1. Previous requirements

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING STANCES

   Side stance 

   Added stance

TURNING

   U-turn

BLOCKS

   Sweeping block 

   Grasping block

   Ridge hand block

   Wedging block

THRUSTS AND STRIKES

   Mountain punch

   Scissors punch

   Double-step punch

   Sliding punch

KICKING TECHNIQUES

    Hook kick

   Turning hook kick

   Front stomping kick 

   Back stomping kick

   Side stomping kick

  Sliding kicks

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING ESCAPES/TECHNIQUES

   5 escapes from rear grabs

   Uchi komi #6-8

   Kumi Tachi #3

  Jo tori #6-7

  Keibo #4-5

   Tachi dori #4-6

   KATA

  Toi Gae

  Jo kata #4

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING THROW

AGAINST:

   (single-hand grab, cross-hand grab, two hands on two grab, knife hand strike, lunge punch, and two hand from behind)

   Kaiten nage  (Rolling throw) Omote and Ura

Brown Belt Requirements 1st KYU

The following requirements are intended to provide a standard pattern for instructors to prepare a student for a Hapkido rank examination.

1. Previous requirements

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING STANCES

   Ball of foot stance

   Twisted stance

TURNING

   Jump turn (360 degree)

BLOCKS

   Hooking block

   Punch block

   Dragon hand block

THRUSTS AND STRIKES

   Back hand strike

   Ridge hand strike

   All advanced thrusting and striking techniques

KICKING TECHNIQUES

   Inside roundhouse kick 

   Spinning roundhouse kick

   Spinning back kick

   Spinning wheel kick

   Spinning reverse crescent kick

   Turning step crescent kick

   Turning step roundhouse kick

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING ESCAPES/TECHNIQUES

   5 escapes from shoulder grabs

   5 escapes from hair grabs

   5 escapes from handshake

   Tanto dori #1-5 |

   Kumi tachi #4

   Tachi dori #7-9

   Jo tori #9-10

   KATA

   Wha Rang

   Jo kata #5

DEMONSTRATE THE FOLLOWING THROW

AGAINST:

   (single-hand grab, cross-hand grab, two hands on two grab, knife hand strike, lunge punch, and two hand from behind)

   Kote hineri (Wrist twist)

   

Black Belt Requirements

The following requirements are intended to provide a standard pattern for instructors to prepare a student for a Hapkido rank examination.

   1. An in-depth knowledge of history, philosophy, etiquette, and values of Hapkido and other martial arts. This includes definitions of      all kata.
2. Know ranking system of Hapkido
3. Display a basic understanding of Hapkido values and etiquette.
4. Know 13 vital areas of the body
5. Assistance to instructor
All previous requirements

TURNING/STANCES
1. Ability to move freely from one turn or stance to another.

BLOCKS
1. U-shaped block
2. Ball of wrist block
3. Drifting block
4. Arc-hand block
5. Scooping block
6. Vertical knife hand block

STRIKES
1. Four knuckle strike
2. One knuckle strike
3. Middle knuckle strike
4. Thumb knuckle strike

ESCAPES
1. Demonstrate 5 escapes each from:
a. Opposite hand
b. Two hands grabbing one
c. Frontal choke
d. Rear choke
e. Shoulder grab
f. Behind the back grab
g. Handshake
h. Hair grab

SELF-DEFENSE TECHNIQUES
4 Kumi tachi
9 Tachi dori
10 Jo tori
5 Kumi jo “A” techniques
15 Tanto dori (10 additional)
5 Keibo
10 one steps

KATA
Chon Ji – chung Mu
Ju San No Kata

THROWING TECHNIQUES
AGAINST:
(single-hand grab, cross-hand grab, two hands on two grab, knife hand strike, lunge punch, and two hand from     behind.)
Kote gaeshi Omote and Ura
Demonstrate and differentiate between Omote and Ura