WARM UP EXERCISES
  1. Loosen hands and wrists. Hold hands shoulder high and shake back and forth.   ( 20 times )

  2. Rotate elbows. Hold hands shoulder high and rotate forearms at the elbows ( 10 times outward and 10 times inward. )

  3.  Rotate arms at shoulders 10 times forward then reverse 10 times.

  4. Torso twist – Hands together move arms back to right side then back to left side, 10 times.

  5. Rotate hips.  Clockwise 10 times then counter clockwise 10 times.

  6. Rotate knees. Clockwise 10 times then counterclockwise 10 times.

  7. Stretch toes , Standing – press toes to front then to the back.

  8. Right foot then left foot. (Count 10)

  9. Jumping jacks ( 30 )

  10. Push-ups. (30)    When done stretch out shoulders.

  11. Sit-ups. (30)  Knees bent, hands on stomach or grab your pants leg. 

  12. Head raisers (30)

  13. Bicycles. (30 forward and 30 reverse)

  14. One of these may be replaced with leg lifts ( 20 done slowly)

  15. Sit up when done and slowly rotate head.

  16. Butterfly position.   Down to front, hold, then up. Butterfly to relax leg muscles. ( 4 times)

  17. Outer quad stretch Sitting position, Right leg over left leg, left leg back to rear – stretch back.

  18. Switch to   Left leg over right leg, right leg back to rear – stretch back

  19. Modified hurdler stride.

  20. Sitting position, right leg straight, hold right foot, stretch, Relax back to right, next time to

  21. left.  (2 times)  Switch and repeat with left leg straight.

  22. Leg stretch.

  23. Left leg straight, right foot over left leg.  Turn ankle 10 times then reverse 10 times.

  24. Hold instep and stretch leg up to the front, to the side, to the back, then pull to the chest. (Repeat 3 times)

  25. Repeat with right leg straight and left foot over right leg.

  26. Spread legs, stretch to the right, to the middle, to the left, to the middle to the right, etc. (4 times)

  27. Half squat and deep half squat.

  28. Right leg bent at knee, left leg straight to side.  Switch to left leg bent and right leg straight.  (4 times each leg.)

  29. Feet shoulder width apart, bend knees, grab ankles with arms inside legs.  Squat then straighten legs. (5 times) 

  30. Front splits.  Stretch to the front until head is on floor, work back with your hands to the center. ( Repeat 3 times)

  31. Spread the front splits as far as you can  and balance.  Class count to 10 in Japanese.

  32. Side splits to the door , to the flag, to the door (chest on knee), to the flag (chest on knee), to the door  (down to side), to the flag.

  33. ( down to the side)

  34. Chinese splits.  Class count to 10 in. Japanese.  Walk them in and stand up.

  35. Rotate hips,   and reverse.

  36. Turn and straighten your gi.

  37. Warm up leader – turn to Shihan, bow and say, “ONEGAISHIMASU”.

ONE STEPS

Left forward stance on “F”, execute left palm block and then right reverse mid punch to ribs. With lift hand grab opponents striking arm, slide right foot to left foot, execute low left round house kick and right elbow strike.

Against a high punch:
Right forward stance on “A” while executing combination rising knife hand block and knife hand strike to neck. Grab opponents punching arm with left hand and swing it down between you and over your left shoulder. After pulling his arm down on to your shoulder perform a four corner throw. (Shiho nage).

Against a mid punch:
Jump into a left back stance on “D” and a right knife hand guarding block. Then shift to right forward stance and execute left reverse mid punch to ribs. Step behind opponent with left leg and execute a valley drop (Tani otoshi). After opponent has fallen execute a right inward stomping kick to opponents neck.

Against a mid punch:
Step to left on “E”, feet together, execute right side kick to ribs. Bring right foot to left and step left foot away from opponent. Execute a sliding turning back kick with your left foot.

Against a high punch:
Right back stance (stepping back), left rising block, execute turning back kick. Bring right foot to left and step back into right fighting stance. Execute a turning jump round house kick with right foot

Against a mid punch:
Pivoting on left foot execute left upper arm block then continue pivot into right elbow strike to temple. Perform osoto gari (major outside reeping) followed with a right downward punch.

Against a mid roundhouse kick:
Step forward into a left forward stance and execute left double forearm block, shift to left forward stance and execute reverse mid punch with left hand on top of right elbow. Execute a left knifehand side strike, right hand collar grab and right knee kick

Against a mid punch:
Execute left forward stance and left side block, pull left leg half back and execute right roundhouse kick, low and high, then a jump crescent kick with left

Against a mid punch:

Step back on “T” into side stance and do a right front block then execute turning wheel kick with left leg, then spinning back kick with right.

Yellow Belt Requirements

1. Know a brief history of karate

2. Know the present ranking system

3. List:

    a.5 aims of a karate student

    b. The goal of martial arts 

    c. Basic etiquette

4. STANCES:

   a. Attention Stance 

   b. Closed Stance

   c. Open Stance

   d. Open Toe Stance

   e. Parallel Stance

   f. Ready Stance

   g. Fighting Stance

5. STRIKING TECHNIQUES:

   a. Forefist Chin Strike

   b. Upset Punch

   c. Vertical Fist Punch

   d. Middle Section Forefist Punch

   e. High Section Punch

   f. Low Section Punch

   g. Rising Punch

   h. Roundhouse Punch

6. BLOCKING TECHNIQUES: 

   a. Low Section Block

   b. Rising Block 

   c. Side Block 

7. KICKING TECHNIQUES: 

   a. Front Knee Kick

   b. Front Rising Kick

   c. Back Rising Kick

   d. Side Rising Kick

   e. Front Snap Kick

   f. Crescent Kick

   g. Reverse Crescent Kick

8. TURNS:

   a. Step Back Turn

   b. 90° Turn

   c. Pivot Step Back Turn

9. FALLING TECHNIQUE:

a.Back Break Fall

10. One-step #1

11. Three-step sparring #1-3

12. Escape and Counter:    

Single wrist grabs #1-5

13. Kata: Taikyoku Shodan

(Basic Form #1)

14. One-Step semi-freesparring with partner

4-12 year olds – 60%

13-16 year olds – 70%

17-older – 80% of the above requirements

must be met and a minimum of 16-32 classes attended to be considered for testing

Orange Belt Requirements

1. Previous Requirements

2. STANCES:

a. Walking Stance

b. L Stance

c. T Stance

3. STRIKING TECHNIQUES:

Knife-hand Strikes 

a. To the temple a.

b. To the neck b. To the rear

c. Vertical Knife-hand Strike c.

d. Knife-hand side strike

e. Downward

f. From left to right

g. To the rear

4. BLOCKING TECHNIQUES:

a. Front Block

b. Outer Forearm Block

5. KICKING TECHNIQUES:

a. Roundhouse Knee Kick

b. Roundhouse Kick

c. Jump Front Kick

6. MOVEMENT PRACTICE:

a. Lunge Punch

b. Reverse Punch (from Walking Stance)

7. FALLING TECHNIQUE: Front Break Fall

8. One-step #1-3

9. Three-step sparring #1-5

10. Escape and Counter: Cross-Grab #1-5

11. Taikyoku Nidan (Basic Form #2)

12. Define the 5 aims of a karate student in your own terms

13. Stationary Fighting

14. Explain minor warnings in free-fighting

15.Hammer-fist Strikes

   a.Left to Right

   b.To the rear

   c.To the front

   d. Downward

   e. Side Strike

Green Belt Requirements

1. Previous Requirements

2. STANCES:

a. Forward Stance

b. Back Stance

c. Riding Stance

d. Wide Open Toe Stance

3. STRIKING TECHNIQUES:

Back-fist Strikes

a. To the face

b. Left to right

c. To the rear

d. To the front

e. Downward

f. Side strike

4. BLOCKING TECHNIQUES:

a. High Section X-Hand Block

b. Single Knife-hand Block

c. Knife Hand Guarding Block

5. KICKING TECHNIQUES:

a. Side Thrust Kick

b. Back Thrust Kick

c. Axe Kick

6. TURNING:

a.Pivot Turn

7. FALLING TECHNIQUE:

a.Side Break Fall

8. One-step

#1-5

9. Three-step sparring with a partner

#1-6

10. Escape and Counter:

 Two-on-Two #1-5

11. Taikyoku Sandan

(Basic Form #3) and Pinan Shodan (Peaceful Form #1)

12. Show all techniques while stepping forward or back

13. Combination techniques

14. Demonstrate free-sparing

15. Show proper entry and exit from a competition area

16. Know the major warnings

Blue Belt Requirements

1.Previous Requirements

2. STANCES:

   a. Pigeon Toe Stance

   b. Hour Glass Stance

   c. Wide Hour Glass Stance

3. STRIKING TECHNIQUES:

   Spear Hand

   a. Four Finger

   b. Two Finger

   c. One Finger

   d. Thumb Spear

4. BLOCKING TECHNIQUES:

   a. Double Forearm Block

   b. Twin Forearm Block

5. KICKING TECHNIQUES:

   a. Turning Back Kick

   b. Turning Side Kick

   c. Turning Wheel Kick

   d. Turning Reverse Crescent Kick

   e. Jump Roundhouse Knee Kick

6. TURNS:

   a. Double Step Turn

   b. Front Leg Turn

   c. Back Leg Turn

   d. Step Over Turn

7. FALLING TECHIQUE:

a.Rolling Break-fall

8. One-step

#1-7

9. Three-step sparring

#1-9

10. Escape and Counter:

Two-on-One #1-5

11. Uchikomi:

#1-3

12. KATA

Pinan Nidan

13. Know the types of infractions that result in disqualification in free-sparring

Purple Belt Requirements

1. All previous requirements

2. STANCES:

   a. Diagonal Stance

   b. Cat Stance

3. STRIKING TECHNIQUES:

   a. Double Fist Punch

   b. Twin Upset Punch

   c. Twin Vertical Fist Punch

   d. Together Punch

   e. Hook Punch

4. BLOCKING TECHNIQUES:

   a. Separating Block

   b. Palm Heel Block

   c. Scissors Block

   d. Palm Pressing Block

   e. Upper Arm Block

5. KICKING TECHNIQUES:

   a. Flying Front Kick

   b. Flying Side Kick

   c. Jump Side Kick

6. THROWING TECHNIQUES:

   a. Ogoshi – Major Hip Throw

   b. Ippon Seoinage – One Arm Back Carry

   c. Marote Seoinage – Two Arm Back Carry

Purple Belt Requirements

7. One-step

#1-7

8. Three-step sparring

#1-7

9. Escape and Counter:

Frontal Choke #1-5

10. Uchikomi :

#1-3

11.KATA:

a.Pinan Nidan

12. Hand and Foot Combinations

 13. Ability to perform a series of kicks across the dojo floor illustrating a variety of kicks made up impromptu by the student

 15. Demonstrate hand gestures for minor warnings in free-sparring

Brown Belt Requirements 3rd KYU

8. One-step

#1-10

9. Three-step sparring

#1-9

10. Escape and Counter:

Rear chokes #1-5

11. KATA:

Pinan Yodan

12. Hand and foot combinations

13. Free-fighting

14. Explain the process for judging kata

11. Previous Requirements

2. STANCES:

  • Crane Stance

  • Hook Stance

  • X Stance

3. STRIKING TECHNIQUES

  • Rising Elbow Strike

  • Roundhouse Elbow Strike

  • Front Elbow Strike

  • Side Elbow Strike

  • Downward Elbow Strike

  • Rear Elbow Strike

4. BLOCKING TECHNIQUES:

  • Back Hand Block

  • Dropping Block

  • Mountain Block

5. KICKING TECHNIQUES:

  • Hop Front Kick

  • Hop Crescent Kick

  • Hop Reverse Crescent Kick

  • Hop Roundhouse Kick

  • Hop Side Kick

  • Hop Back Kick

6. TURNING:

  • Jump Turn

7. THROWING TECHNIQUES:

  • Koshi Guruma

  • Uki Otoshi

  • Kara Guruma

Brown Belt Requirements 2nd KYU

Brown Belt Requirements 2nd KYU

1. All previous requirements

2. STANCES:

  • Fixed Stance

3. STRIKING TECHNIQUES:

  • Mountain Punch

  • Scissors Punch

4. BLOCKING TECHNIQUES:

  • Sweeping Block

  • Grasping Block

  • Ride Hand Block

  • Wedging Block

5. KICKING TECHNIQUES:

  • Hook Kick

  • Turning Hook Kick

  • Front Stomping Kick

  • Side Stomping Kick

  • Back Stomping Kick

6. THROWING TECHNIQUES:

  • Osoto Gari – Major Outside Reaping

  • Kosoto Gari – Minor Outside Reaping

  • Soto Makki Komi – Outer Wrap Pull

7. Three-step sparring

#1-11

8. Escape and Counter:

Rear grabs #1-5

9. Uchikomi

#1-8

10. KATA:

Pinan Godan and Tekki Shodan (Iron Horse)

11. Judge a free-sparring match

Brown Belt Requirements 1st KYU

1. All previous requirements

2. STANCES:

  • Side Stance

  • Added Stance

  • Ball-of-Foot Stance

3. STRIKING TECHNIQUES:

  • Back Hand Strike

  • Ridge Hand Strike

4. BLOCKING TECHNIQUES:

  •  Hooking Block

  • Punch Block

  • Dragon Hand Block

5. KICKING TECHNIQUES:

  • Inside Roundhouse Kick

  • Spinning Roundhouse Kick

  • Spinning Back Kick

  • Spinning Wheel Kick

  • Spinning Reverse Crescent Kick

  • Turn-step Crescent Kick

  • Turn-step Roundhouse Kick

6. TURNING:

U-Shape Turn

7. THROWING TECHNIQUES:

  • Ouchi Gari – Major Inside Reaping

  • Kouchi Gari – Minor Inside Reaping

  • Tomoe Nage – Stomach Throw

  • 8. Three-step sparring

#1-13

9. Escape and Counter:

Shoulder grabs #1-5

10.KATA:

  • Bassai (Breaking Down the Fortress)

  • Toushi (Fighting Spirit)

11. All movement practice

12. Hand and foot combination techniques

13. Free style free-fighting

Black Belt Requirements

1. All previous requirements

2. History of karate and its origins

3. STRIKING TECHNIQUES:

  • Four-Knuckle Punch

  • One-Knuckle Punch

  • Middle-Knuckle Punch

  • Thumb-Knuckle Punch

4. BLOCKING TECHNIQUES:

  •  U-Shaped Block

  • Ball-of-Wrist Block

  • Drifting Block

  • Arc-Hand Block

  • Scooping Block

  • Vertical Knife-Hand Block

5. KICKING TECHNIQUES:

  • Demonstrate 3 types of sliding kick

  • Demonstrate 2 types of pushing kick

6. Three-step sparring

#1-14

7. Escape and Counter:

  • Hand Shake Grabs (#1-5)

  • Hair Grabs (#1-5)

8. Demonstrate and explain calisthenics and exercise

9. Demonstrate and explain all stances and techniques and combinations of  techniques

10. Explain the usage of all personal weapons and fatal areas of the body

11. Perform five forms of defense against a knife attack

12. Demonstrate falling techniques, foot sweeps, and throwing techniques in a skillful manner

13. Demonstrate and analyze forms and perform three forms selected by  the  examiner

14. Demonstrate hand gestures for major warnings in free-fighting

Nidan-Godan

1. All previous requirements

2. STRIKING TECHNIQUES:

  • Nidan – Palm Heel Strikes

  • Sandan – Impromptu combinations from a stationary position

  • Yodan – Impromptu combinations moving forward and backward

  • Godan – Impromptu combinations moving forward and backward with kicks and blocks

3. BLOCKING TECHNIQUES:

  • Nidan – Circular Block, Knee Block, Waving Block, Nine-Shaped Block,

  • Sandan – Scissors Palm Pressing Block; Demonstrate the offensive aspects 

  • Yodan – Show two types of blocks against a strike from a Jo

  • Godan – Show three types of blocks against a strike from a Baton

4. KICKING TECHNIQUES:

   A. Nidan

-Front Kick, Jump Front Kick, (step back) Turn Step Crescent Kick

-Crescent Kick, Turn Step Crescent Kick, Turning Reverse

  Crescent Kick

-Roundhouse Kick, Turn Step Roundhouse Kick, Turning Wheel Kick

-Roundhouse Kick, Turning Back Kick, Spinning Wheel Kick,

-Turning Reverse Crescent Kick, Turning Reverse Crescent Kick,

 Turn Step Crescent Kick

-Crescent Kick, Turn Step Crescent Kick, (step over turn) Jump 

 Roundhouse Kick

   B. Sandan

– Roundhouse Kick, (pivot step-back turn) Jump Spinning Back 

Wheel Kick, Turn Jump Crescent Kick

   C. Yodan

– Hop Ax Kick, (step forward) Jump Spinning Back Kick, Double 

   D. Godan

– Make up a combination

5. ONE-STEPS:

  • Nidan – #11-15

  • Sandan – #16-20

  • Yodan – #21-25

  • Godan – Make up one of your own

6. ESCAPE AND COUNTER:

  • Nidan – Lapel grabs

  • Sandan – One’s kick being grabbed

  • Yodan – Throwing blocks or seated in a chair defense

  • Godan – Foot, ankle, knee, and hip blocks with foot

7. KNIFE DEFENSE:

  • Shodan – #1-5

  • Nidan – #6-10

  • Sandan – #11-15

Roundhouse Kick

  • Yodan – #16-20

  • Godan – #21-22

8. FREE-SPARRING: Attack and counter attack drills

  • Nidan – #1-5

  • Sandan – #6-7

  • Yodan – #8-9

  • Godan – #10

9. KATA:

   a. Shodan – Koryo (Strength of the People)

   b. Nidan – Old Koryo

                      Keum-Gong (Diamond)

  Shinpu (New Wind)

   c. Sandan – Taebaek (Mountain)

    Kyokuko (Aurora)

   d. Yodan – Pyongwon (Plain)

   Eien (Eternity)

   e. Godan – Sipjin (Decimal)

  Shinsetsu (New Era)

   f. Rokudan – Unme (Fate)

       Jitae (Earth)


This group respected the royalty, honour and spirit of the warrior whale they enjoyed poems, music and morality, and traveled to noted mountains and big rivers with the purpose of spirit-body training.  

Consequently, General Kim Yu-Sin, the leader of the Hwarang-Do, unified all the territories in 668 A.D.

 According to Mr. Song Duk-K, who was one of the veterans of T’ae-Kyon at the end of the Yi Dynasty this art had been developed and taken shape, but unfortunately the trend of the thought humiliates the art of valor while it encouraged the literary arts during the Yi Dynasty (1393-1910 A.D.) and T’ae-Kyon could barely maintain its existence having no chance to further its progress from the original type of foot technique.

During the Japanese Occupation, after the Yi Dynasty, the hand technique  was introduced from both China and Japan to this traditional art enabling the hand and foot techniques to be combined into one body under various names such as Tang-Su, Kong-Su, Karate, Kwon-pop, T’ae-Su, etc.  Soon after the liberation in 1945, there was a movement to find the real name of this art.  In 1955 a special board of Taekwon-Do masters, historians and prominent leaders was formed to solve this problem.

In 1955, at the session for naming, the term worded in “Tae” and “Qwon” which submitted was chosen unanimously among many other ballots.
The reasons behind the selection are follows:
This term had close connection with the old name Tae-Kyon both in pronunciation and meaning.

It was appreciated as a more relevant name to visualize the fact that this art employs combined techniques of both foot and hand, than such term as Tang-Su(Chinese-hand) or Karate (empty-hand) which implies the hand technique only.

This is a brief history of Taekwon-Do which is widely called and practiced in many parts of the world today.

YELLOW BELT HISTORY QUESTIONS – 8TH KYU

1. What is the term used for a training hall?

Dojo

2. What is the name of your dojo?

Helena Martial Arts Academy

3. What is the name of your instructor?

Shem Wold

4. What are the major styles influencing your system of karate?

Toushi-Kan and Taekwondo

5. What major styles influenced the Toushi-Kan system?

Ninpo and Taekwondo

6. What do some historians feel were the major systems influencing Taekwondo?

Shotokan Karate and Taekyon

7. Give an approximate translation of:

   Ninpo – Law of Endurance

   Taekwondo – To jump, kick or smash with the foot; to strike or perry with the hand; 

   way/method/art/philosophy

   Toushi-Kan – House of the Fighting Spirit

   Taekyon – Foot Defense

   Shotokan – House of Wind through Pines

8. Who is the founder of the Toushi-Kan system?

Shigeki Umemoto

9. Who is considered to be the founder of the Shotokan system?

Gichin Funakoshi

10. Where did Ninpo originate?

Japan

11. Where did Taekwondo originate?

Korea

12. Where did Toushi-Kan originate

Great Falls, MT

13. Name 3 people who have been major influences of Taekwondo in Montana

Jae Ho Park,  Shigeki Umemoto,  and Karlo Fujiwara

14. What is the term used for the karate uniform?

Gi

15. What is the term used for a karate belt?

Obi

16. What is the goal of martial arts?

The harmonious development and eventual perfection of human character

17. What are the five aims of a karate student?

Modesty, Perseverance, Self-Control, Indomitable Spirit, Etiquette

18. Name the colors of the ranking system in order

White, Yellow, Orange, Green, Blue, Purple, 3 levels of Brown, 10 levels of Black

ORANGE BELT HISTORY QUESTIONS – 7TH KYU

1. Who was Bodhidharma (bo-dee-dar-ma)?

A monk who traveled from India to China

 

2. When did Bodhidharma travel to China?

Around 528 A.D.

 

3. Why did Bodhidharma go to China?

To instruct the Chinese in Buddhism

 

4. Why do martial artists remember him?

He is credited with establishing the basis for modern day karate

 

5. Where did this take place?

The Shaolin Temple

 

6. Why did Bodhidharma decide to teach martial arts?

   a. He found the Chinese too weak to properly perform the meditative exercises he practiced

   b. China was filled with wild animals and violent men

 

7. How did martial arts spread from China to other countries?

   a. Monks leaving the country to spread Buddhism

   b. People in the business of trade were also introduced by traveling to 

 

8. Basic Meanings of Aims:

   a. Modesty – Not to brag; not to show off; to be humble

   b. Perseverance – To set a goal and work towards it until it is reached

   c. Self-Control – When the mind is able to control emotional and physical                                                                                                                                     responses under stress then self-control is achieved from a martial artists’ standpoint.

   d. Indomitable Spirit – The characteristic where physical force cannot cause ones feelings of right and wrong to change

   e. Etiquette – An outward showing of respect to one’s self, to another, to a place, to an object, etc.

 

 

 

 

GREEN BELT HISTORY QUESTIONS

1. In Korean history, what year were the three kingdoms unified?

668 A.D.

 

2. Who was credited with the unification of Korea?

The Hwarangdo

 

3. Translate to English “Hwarangdo”

Flowering Youth

 

4. What was the Hwarangdo?

 A military, educational, and social organization for noble youths

 

5. Which king formed the Hwarangdo?

King Chin Heung

 

6. What General was the leader of the Hwarangdo?

General Kim Yu Sin

 

7. The Hwarangdo had a code of honor, what was it?

   a. Loyalty to the king

   b. Obedience to parents

   c. Honor and faith among friends

   d. Perseverance in battle

   e. Killing with justice

 

 

BLUE BELT HISTORY QUESTIONS – 5TH KYU

1. Name the vital areas of the body

   Head                         Abdomen                         Shin

   Neck                          Ribs                                   Instep

   Collar Bone             Groin                                 Spine

   Arm Pit                    Inner Thigh                     Kidneys

   Solar Plexus             Joints                                Tailbone

 

2. During which dynasty did the study of martial arts flourish?

Koryo Dynasty (935-1392 A.D.)

 

3. In the 7th century what three kingdoms was present day Korea comprised?

Korguryo – Silla – Paek Je

 

4. What affect did the Yi Dynasty have on martial arts in Korea?

The people grew uninterested in martial arts

 

5. What brought about this condition?

The principles of Confucianism brought about an interest in Chinese 

classical study

PURPLE BELT HISTORY QUESTIONS – 4TH KY

1. During which years did Japan occupy Korea?

1910 to 1945

 

2. In what year was karate introduced into Korea?

1943

 

3. Who first introduced Taekyon into the United States?

Choi Hong Hi, as a demonstration

 

4. In what year?

1949

 

5. What caused martial arts to decline again during this period?

The Korean War caused the deaths of many masters

 

6. Who was the first to actually teach Taekyon in the U.S.A.?

Jhoon Rhee

 

7. In what year?

1954

 

8. What year was Korea’s martial art renamed Taekwondo?

1955

 

 

1955

BROWN BELT HISTORY QUESTIONS – 3RD KYU

t you.

1. What did Gichin Funakoshi do for martial arts in Japan?

He dedicated his life to teach karate

 

2. Before 1932 what did the name karate mean?

Chinese Hand

 

3. In 1932 how did the meaning of “kara” in the word karate change?

To lose or empty oneself, to gain serenity of mind

 

4. Later the meaning of the name karate changed again – to what?

Empty Hand

 

5. When was the first karate dojo opened in the U.S.A.?

1945 in Phoenix, Arizona by Robert Trias

 

6. About how many styles of karate exist in the U.S. today?

600

BROWN BELT HISTORY QUESTIONS – 2ND KYU

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BROWN BELT HISTORY QUESTIONS – 1ST KYU

1. Helena Martial Arts Academy School Philosophy:

   “Mind, Body, and Spirit unified and balanced”

 

2. Mr. Park’s School Philosophy:

   “Tae Soon Moo Oon” – “Big Mountain is Quiet”

 

3. Mr. Umemoto’s School Philosophy:

   “Kushin Doryoku Seiko” – “Work hard through the suffering and someday 

   you will succeed”

 

4. Mr. Fujiwara’s School Philosophy:

   “Chung Yung Ta Chi Wahyo” – “Take yourself as a vessel, combine proper 

    proportions of yin and yang, and offer the effort as a libation